A Baltimore Oriole Who Didn’t Migrate

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Juvenile Male Baltimore Oriole on Feeder
Juvenile Male Baltimore Oriole On Feeder

It is January in Maryland and I have a Baltimore Oriole hanging out in my back yard. Most orioles migrate south in the winter, although each year a very rare few stick it out through the Mid-Atlantic winter and don’t migrate. A juvenile male, this Baltimore Oriole showed up in my yard on December 23rd as I was cooking for our upcoming Christmas Eve celebration. I wondered why this Baltimore Oriole didn’t migrate and what in the world it could be eating. He’s come by at least daily ever since. While I still don’t know why he didn’t migrate with the rest, I have learned of at least some of this oriole’s unusual winter diet.

While I live just south of Baltimore, Baltimore Orioles are not usually found in my yard. Even in the warmer months when they are typically found in Maryland, Baltimore Orioles are often not easy to see, as they typically hang out high in the tree tops. I’ve put out orange halves at times over the years, but never had an oriole visit my feeders until now. But this Baltimore Oriole not only didn’t migrate, he also doesn’t eat oranges!

Male Juvenile Baltimore Oriole in Safflower Filled Feeder
Male Juvenile Baltimore Oriole in Safflower Filled Feeder

Baltimore Oriole Eating Safflower

I’ve watched this oriole almost every day for the past month. Most days he shows up for a little while a couple of times. Lately, as it has gotten colder, he’s been spending longer stretches of time here.

I have four platform feeders in the back yard, two mounted on poles and two hanging from a pole. All of these feeders are full of only safflower seed. The oriole begins at one of the farther feeders, poking through the seed, then moves on to the next, cycling through the four feeders and the ground underneath it.

Male Juvenile Baltimore Oriole in Safflower Filled Feeder
Male Juvenile Baltimore Oriole in Safflower Filled Feeder

But what is he eating? If you look up orioles in your field guide, online bird sites or Feederwatch’s interactive Food and Feeder Preferences guide, you will learn that Baltimore Orioles mostly eat insects and fruit. Suggestions for luring one to your feeders revolve around offering fruit, sugar water or suet. Not a word is said about seed and I suspect that their bills aren’t really made for seed eating. This little guy isn’t cracking open his own seed. Instead his strategy is to look for broken bits of seed, cast off by other birds.

Orange and Jelly
Orange and Jelly

Offering the Baltimore Oriole Fruit

Now, I know what orioles are “supposed” to eat and so I’ve tried to help him out. I’ve tried putting out a fresh orange half. Not interested. Banana? Nope. A slice of apple? No. Fresh blueberries and raspberries? Not even a nibble. I tried strawberry preserves, orange marmalade and grape jelly. He seems blissfully unaware that any of these are foods he might like or use for energy.

I speculate that because this oriole is young and didn’t migrate to the tropics as most of his species does in the winter, he may never have seen an orange or a banana. And the jellies might also not look like food. But a raspberry? Surely? Nope.

Jelly and an Oriole Fruit and Jelly Feeder
Jelly and an Oriole Fruit and Jelly Feeder

Yesterday I went to my local bird store to buy a small bag of Nutra-Saf seed, thinking that as this juvenile oriole seems to be focused on eating safflower seed, maybe the thinner hulled Nutra-Saf version might be easier for him to manage on his own. I also bought a new oriole feeder with a dish for jelly and coiled wire for mounting fruit on. So far I haven’t seen this oriole give any of these offerings the slightest bit of interest. Sigh.

Baltimore Oriole Eating Sunflower Seed in a Cage Feeder
Baltimore Oriole Eating Sunflower Seed in a Cage Feeder

Baltimore Oriole Eating Sunflower

BUT! This morning I looked out the window and watched the Baltimore Oriole figure out how to slip through the wire openings of one of the nearer Woodlink cage feeders where I offer sunflower hearts to small birds. Once inside, he sat for quite a while eating sunflower seed!

Oriole Under Feeder
Oriole Under Feeder

What Birds are “Supposed” to Eat

It just goes to remind me (once again) that birds will eat things they are not “supposed” to eat if they are hungry enough. I don’t know if this non-migrating Baltimore Oriole will thrive on a winter diet of seed, but he’s made it through the past month. Through watching other birds, he is working things out and trying new things. I still have hope that at some point he’ll try the fruit.

Nancie

Learn More About Baltimore Orioles

All About Birds: Baltimore Oriole

Audubon: Baltimore Oriole

Feederwatch Food & Feeder Preferences Interactive

Journey North: Baltimore Oriole


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